Located in an altitude of 3260 feet above sea level, Kashan is one of the main cities of Isfahan Province and a beautiful large oasis town on the Qom Kerman road running along the western edge of the Great Desert, Kavir. It is 240 km to the south of Tehran and 220 km to the north of
Isfahan and can be reached via a first class highway, national road or railway from Tehran and Isfahan. The town’s population amounts to 400,000, living on an area of 2100 hectares. In addition to its world famous carpets, Kashan is also well known for its silk and the glazed
earthenware tile called kashi after its place of manufacture. It has long been noted for its silk textiles, ceramics, copper ware, and rose water (golab) from the well known rose fields of Qamsar, as well.
One of the most important archaeological sites in central Iran, it has a historical background of over 7,000 years. Majority of historians and
travelers to the town have called it a gate to the world civilization. Kashan flourished mainly during the Seljuq and Safavid periods of the post
Islamic history of Iran. Samples of art works created by Kashani artisans can be seen in the famous museums of the world. The town has many
picturesque baad girs (wind-towers), essential in the town’s hot and airless summers before the introduction of air conditioning. Modern
industry plays a part in Kashan, in parallel with the ongoing social development. In bazaar, however, carpet weaving, embroidery work, the
making of rose water, scent, pottery, and other crafts are carried on, in much the same and with the same skill as of old.
Fin Historic Gardens
Also known as the Bagh-e Tarikhi-e Fin or Bagh-e Amir Kabir at Fin 6 km To the southwest, it serves as the finest surviving example (since 1000 years) in Iran, and creates the contrast
between the Kevir region and the greenery of the well-tended oasis below the adjoining Karkas mountain. A major part of Kashan’s water was supplied by the perennial source of
Solaimaniyeh spring in the garden. Designed for Shah Abbas 1, this classical Persian vision of paradise contains the remains of his two-story palace set around a pool. The garden has other Safavid royal buildings, although they were substantially rebuilt, and others were addend in the Qajar period. The building housing Kashan Museum was built in 1968.
Boroujerdiha Old House
The present premises of Kashan Cultural Heritage Department, the Boroujerdiha Old House was built nearly 130 years ago by a famous merchant and landowner. Its completion required 18 years of work by tens of laborers, master painters, and architects. Reception, ceremonial, and residential halls and rooms are arranged on the four sides of the courtyard. Provision of well proportioned spaces, nicely-designed bad-girs (wind towers) to fit the building,
particularly paintings by the famous Iranian painter Kamal-ol Molk Ghaffari, have served to convert it to an art masterpiece in itself There are many other old houses in Kashan, such as the Abbassian and Tabatabaei.
Aqa Bozorg Theological School
Aqa Bozorg Mosque and Madrasah Complex in Fazel-e Naraqi street, from the second half of the last century (Qajar period), when the country’s architects produced a number of
unforgettable masterpieces. The Complex was constructed for congregational prayers as well as preaching and teaching sessions held by Mulla Mahdi Naraqhi, known as Aqa Bozorg. The vast sanctuary of the mosque is in two floors. The first floor,, houses 12 cells on three sides, and the mosque appears at the top floor. The building’s past has been documented in 7
The Mausoleum of Shahzadeh Ibrahim
The mausoleum of Shahzadeh Ibrahim, built in (1894 A.D.), belongs to the Qajar period. This
structure is highly interesting and attractive for possessing a turquoise tile cupola, lofty minarets, a pleasant courtyard and an iwan decorated with mirror works and paintings. The
portico and the ceiling of the iwan depict ample paintings of a religious nature on a plaster
background. The interior of the mausoleum possesses elaborate mirror works and its frieze is
decorated with colored glazed bricks.