Village of Niasar


 NiasarThis green and beautiful resort village is located 28 kilometers west of Kashan. One of the roads leading to it passes through Ravand (12 kilometers northwest of Kashan). Ravand is the last city on the road which connects Tehran to Kashan. At this city, an asphalted road branches from the main road towards the west and 20 kilometers away it reaches Niasar-Mashhad Ardehal junction. From this junction, a road runs eight kilometers to reach village and another road goes to Mashhad Ardehal (the shrine of Sultan Ali where carpet washing ceremonies are held, and the tomb of famous Iranian poet Sohrab Sepehri) and then to Delijan on Tehran-Isfahan road. By using a motor vehicle, one can get to the village through Ravand junction. This green village located at the center of a desert region, has a beautiful scene. In January and February, blossoms of
almond trees add to the beauty of the village.

Niasar Fire Temple
GeminidsA building with a dome over a rock at the highest point of the village can be seen from distance. This is the same penthouse that has remained intact since the time of Sassanid dynasty.
The penthouse is 14 by 14 meter building which contains a chamber with a dome over it. There are no walls on the four sides of the chamber. The fire
temple has been made of stones put together with a mortar of plaster. The stones used in the lower part of the building are normal and those used in the arches and in the upper parts are square-shaped, looking like big bricks. The lower parts of the building have been coated with plaster in recent years. All walls surrounding the fire temple are likely to have been decorated with stucco carvings in the past. The main dome of the fire temple collapsed in previous eras. Before the revolution, the dome was reconstructed thanks to the efforts of Colonel Bahonar from the Ministry of Culture and Art. However, the dome of the temple has been modeled on Islamic era domes while according to the famous French archaeologist Andre Godar, the main dome had been like an egg. Around a number of fire temples there used to be a number of other premises where Zoroastrian monks gathered together for worship. Although it is not known whether this
building was used for this purpose, there are rows of stones laid together near the fire temple which are remnants of a building belonging to the Sassanid era. Since the fire over the Niasar penthouse could be seen from distance, the building might have had a symbolic role. One of such fire temples, is Kohneh Dezh or Khorram Dasht penthouse around the city of Kashan.

Nothing has been left of the dome of the fire temple but its slanting ceilings were reconstructed a few years ago. Magnificent premises used to surround the fire temple of which only some small pieces of stone can now be seen on the ground. A few meter down the fire temple, a spring of cool and clear waters flows through the Talar mosque and goes on to the village. It is surprising that running waters exit beside many other fire temples. Some of them bear signs of worshiping Anahita, the goddess of cultivation and fertility. There is an interesting point in the structure of the fire temple and that is some of the stones used in the building has an older and different cut than others. This stone had been quarried from a cave down the temple for use in the construction of the fire temple. This reveals the fact that the Niasar cave is older than the fire temple.

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