Kalout is a topographical feature carved out of a surface by the wind. On Earth they are most commonly found in deserts where there is a sand supply which abrades the surface when moved by the wind and soft sedimentary rocks that the sand easily erodes. Over time, the sand wears down the surface into beautiful streamlined shapes that are aligned with the prevailing sand-moving winds.
Iran is famous for its Kaluts in Shahdad and Kerman where thousands of tourists visit them every year. In the western part of Dasht-e Lut some of the world’s most prominent kaluts can be found rising up to 282 feet (80 meters). These streamlined ridges have been carved by the wind out of the silty clays and sands. The crests or summits of these kaluts are rounded or flat.Share this page: