Iran’s geography consists of a plateau surrounded by mountains. These mountains divide the plateau into drainage basins.
Dashte Lut (Lut desert) is one of the largest of these desert basins with 480 kilometers (300 miles) long and 320 kilometers (200 miles) wide. This area is one of the driest and hottest places on earth! A NASA satellite recorded surface temperatures in the Iranian Dashte Lut as high as 71 °C (159 °F), the hottest temperature ever recorded on the surface of the Earth. This region which covers an area of about 480 kilometers is called Gandom Beriyan; In Frasi language it means, the toasted wheat. Its surface is wholly matted with black volcanic lavas. Some reports say that there are no living creatures in this region. Dasht-e Lut has an area of about 51,800 square kilometers (20,000 mi²) which can be dreadful for many people but a hidden treasure for those who know and understand the value of a desert.