Iran and some information about the country
Iran known as Persia until 1935 is a country in west Asia. This ancient land comprises an area of 1,648,195 km, roughly equaling the United Kingdom, France, Spain, and Germany together. It is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 18th-largest in the world.
Population wise with 78.4 million inhabitants, This country is the world’s 17th most populous nation and inherits one of the world’s oldest
The capital and largest city is Tehran which is the cultural, commercial, and industrial centre of the country. Known as one of the world’s most mountainous countries, its landscape is dominated by rugged mountain ranges separating various basins from one another. The northern part of the country is covered by dense rain forests while the eastern part is mostly deserts such as the dashte Kavir, the largest desert of Iran and the Dashte Lut, as well as some salt lakes. This diversity is because of the high mountain ranges not allowing rain clouds to reach these
regions. Iran’s climate varies from arid or semiarid in the centre and east to subtropical along the Caspian coast and the northern forests. On the northern edge of the country temperature rarely falls below zero which makes the area humid for most of the year. In this area summer
temperature rarely exceeds 29 °C. Towards the west in the Zagros mountains, the temperatures falls mostly below zero causing heavy
snowfall. The eastern and central parts are arid, covered with deserts and less than 200 mm of rain. Average summer temperature exceeds 38°C in this area for most of the year . The coastal areas of the Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman in the south have mild winters with very humid and hot summers.
Several wild animal species including bears, gazelles, wild pigs, wolves, jackals, panthers, Eurasian lynx and foxes live in Iran and sheep, goats, horses, water buffalo, donkeys and camels are among the domestic animals breeding in Iran. The pheasant, partridge, stork,
eagles and falcon are also native to Iran. One of the most famous wildlife critically endangered is the Asiatic cheetah also known as the
Iranian Cheetah whose numbers were greatly reduced and that’s why there are on-going efforts to increase its population. Unfortunately, Iran lost all its Asiatic Lion and the now extinct Caspian Tigers by early 20th century.
Iran is rated among the 10 most touristic countries in the world according to UNESCO and the deputy head of research for Iran Travel and Tourism Organisation (ITTO). The most popular urban tourist destinations are Isfahan, Mashhad and Shiraz.
The prominent Iranologist, Richard Nelson Fry, reads on his book of Persia: “Iran’s prize possession has been its culture. Persian culture has long been a predominant culture of the region with Persian considered the language of intellectuals during much of the 2nd millennium and the language of religion and the populace before that”.
Iranian art is one of the richest heritages in the world history encompassing many disciplines including architecture, painting, weaving,
pottery, calligraphy, metalworking and stonemasonry. Also Iranian modern and contemporary art is very vibrant. According to Persian
historian and archaeologist Arthur Pope; the supreme Iranian art in the proper meaning of the word has always been its architecture. The
history of architecture of Iran goes back to seventh millennium BC before Islam. This art has been completed by various issues particularly the rituals. Iran ranks seventh among countries in the world with the most archaeological architectural ruins and attractions as recognized by
UNESCO. Fifteen of UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites are creations of Iranian architecture.
All the above statements plus many more makes Iran a worthwhile country to be visited.